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Five preventable Diseases to keep an eye on this season, without necessarily forgetting about Covid 19.

With new variants of Covid 19 popping up everywhere, the United States of America reported XBB.1.5 as the dominant strain with 53.8% of cases, followed by XBB.1.16, with 15.1% of cases, and XBB.1.9.1 with 11.8% in May 2023, we want to highlight that tropical Africa still holds sway as the continent with a relatively less burden of casualties from the disease since its inception, despite lesser investment compared to other continents of the world.

While we stay steadfast with every preventable measure that pertains to infectious disease, for example, washing hands, keeping a reasonable distance, and covering the mouth when coughing, It is advantageous to shine a light on other possible health burdens associated with the rainy season in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Malaria:

Mosquito nets have never been so important considering the cost of health care. 

But amongst other things, cleaning drainages and ensuring that ponds and open water are off is essential. Your surroundings must be tidy to have clean health.

Cold and Flu:

Sudden weather changes put the body vulnerable to bacteria and viruses, as their spread is more aggressive during these seasons. 

Again, the issue of personal hygiene cannot be over-flogged. 

Also, our bodies must get the correct nutrition spread to battle possible attacks.

In essence, eat balance, eat right. 

Hepatitis A:

This virus contaminates food and water/drinks. 

Its effect targets the Liver, an organ that eliminates body toxins.

Some symptoms when infected are fever, vomiting, yellow tinge in the eyes and the body, itching, etc. 

Hygiene and proper handling of food are essential.

Cholera:

This Waterborne bacteria caused by Vibrio cholera creates a setback to the digestive tract, resulting in severe diarrhea and dehydration.  

With the casualties associated with this disease(affecting between 1.3 million to 4.0 million and recording 21,000 to 143,000 deaths worldwide every year), we must pay great attention to the cleanliness of the water and food we consume.

Purify your water by properly boiling it before consuming it if you reside in environments where the Government pays no attention to the public water supply.

Measles:

In spite of the efficiency of the vaccination drive globally, this virus remains one of the leading causes of mortality in children. 

Nigeria in 2011 had 17,428 cases(according to Africa CDC), the highest number of outbreaks that year.

Its infectious spread is by sneezes, personal contact with infected fluids from the nose and mouth via coughing, seeing that this virus stays active for close to 2 hours or more.

It is crucial to contact your health provider when any of these symptoms are spotted.

Also, personal hygiene while seeking care could be a lifesaver.